Backwater Valve maintenance in Toronto and installation
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The Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve installed on the main building drain allows for the free circulation of air & will protect the entire building from backflow with just the one valve.
Until recently most plumbing codes did not allow a backwater valve to be installed on a main-building drain. Municipal sewers exert both negative and positive air pressures, and a building’s venting system alleviates these pressure differences. Free circulation of air between a municipal sewer and a buildings venting system is essential for the proper flow of sewage. The only backwater valves available when the codes were originally written, were the “normally closed” design and these valves would not allow a free circulation of air between the building and municipal sewer.
The Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve features a ‘normally open’ gate design which makes the free circulation possible. The valve allows the free flow of air to vent through it, and at the same time in the event of a sewer back up, the gate floats into the closed position to protect the building from backflow.
Because of this normally-open technology, Special Changes to the National Plumbing Code of Canada were made to allow for main-building drain protection versus the old standard which restricted backwater valves to the branch line of the building drain only. Today, the plumbing industry has embraced this method of backflow protection and the Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve.
The Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve is a normally open backwater valve. It allows non-restrictive sewage flow from the inlet to the outlet side of the valve, through flow channels incorporated on the gate and body. (This superior design prevents sewage buildup in body).
Upon a quick reversal sewer backsurge, flow is diverted to the gates 45-degree wings (incorporated on the sides of the gate) – this causes an upward lifting action of the gate. Once the lift occurs, the reversal flow of water slams the gate into the closed position, isolating the entire plumbing system from backflow.
Upon a slow reversal backsurge, the gate is fitted with certified flotation devices that initiate the lifting of the gate. The reversal flow then pushes up on the bottom of the gate and closes it automatically isolating the system.
The Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve is also designed with a built in cleanout for the rodding of the building drain-sewer (first time ever in a backwater valve).
The Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve’s “normally open” design allows unrestricted sewage flow. Because of its Fullport design, it requires minimal homeowner maintenance when installed properly, and provides the best in backflow protection.
Installation of Backwater Valve
Testing the Unit
Retrofit Installation Of Backwater Valve
Failures may occur due to back grade on valves. In order to achieve grade in retrofit installations, an
Testing the Unit
All backwater valves are factory tested through our certified quality control program. If you wish to test the backwater valves, follow these instructions.
Place a “Test Ball” through the cleanout plug on the body, downstream of the valve into the outlet drainage piping leading away from the valve.
Inflate the test ball.
Through the cleanout opening, stretch a garden hose down to the “Test Ball” and begin filling the pipe with water.
Watching through the cleanout opening, you should see the gate rise intothe closed position. This means the valve is closing properly. During a sewer back surge, back pressure will increase downstream of the valve, and the gate will seat onto the valves o-ring, protecting the building from backflow.
Deflate the “Test Ball” to release the water. This will allow the gate to fall back into the open position.
Backwater valve Maintenance in Toronto
Backwater valves are mechanical devices sitting in a sewage environment, and regular inspections are required. To ensure the satisfactory performance of the backwater valve follow the procedures listed below.
1. Remove the cleanout plug on the top of the valve and do a visual inspection.
2. Take a flashlight or trouble light to properly see inside the valve body.
3. Inspect for debris build-up on the body, gate and beneath the gate.
4. If debris build-up is found flush clean.
5. Inspect o-ring and replace if necessary. The valve’s gate seals against an o-ring on the body ( in the closed position).
6. Ensure gate freely moves up and down.
7. Reinstall cleanout plug.
On models fitted with closed cell polyethylene floats, check the condition of floats and replace as necessary. * Note: these floats are located on both sides of the gate and are protected from sewage contamination by the sidewalls of the gate and body (longlife cycle, impervious to sewage). CSA certified floats.
If damage is found on the gate, or a more thorough cleaning of the valve is required, remove the bolted cover.
Important: if you have difficulty maintaining these backflow devices, contact your plumber. If you wish to test the unit under a backflow condition refer to Installation for instructions.
How to choose which Backwater Valve I need?
If you have a basement the most popular backwater valve used is the “Mainline Fullport Backwater Valve”.
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