First of all, it’s important to turn the water supply completely off. This can be done at the shutoff valve which is usually located outside the house, however they’re also at branch fittings and on the sink pipes. Then run the faucets to be sure all the standing water is gone.

Clear the leaking part of the pipe with a clean rag to ready it for pipe repair. If any rust or lime is visible it can be removed with steel wool. Upon inspection, if the joint has a leak tighten the fitting with a wrench that is adjustable so that the seal is re-formed. One may also use water pipe tape or epoxy.

Pipe tape and pipe epoxy – Pipe tape can make a seal stronger. To use it, first roughen about a 3-inch area on the surface and around the leak, and close up any holes with pipe putty. Wearing plastic gloves, take a portion of putty and roll it, then flatten it to make a circle or disk. Place it over the hole and gently push it to bond, then smooth the edges.

Wait about a half an hour before proceeding, then follow the next steps.

· Get a bucket of water

· Immerse the tape and squeeze to activate

· Center and wrap tape around pipe

· Secure the end and pull while wrapping

· Water pipe epoxy – Epoxy is used

Pipe Patch Kit

Homeowners can also find a pipe patch kit at their local hardware or big box home repair store, making pipe repairs easy. As before, smooth the surface of the hole using a file and then cut about an inch of neoprene or rubber to cover the pinhole leaks. If the hole is large, cut the patch to match the size of the hole, but add about an inch on each side.

The patch should be attached with special hose clamps, and the screws should be tightened using a screwdriver. This will hold the patch steady, just be sure it’s centered and tightened to make a complete seal.

Regardless of how the pipe repairs will be completed, there is a list of supplies that will be needed, they include:

1. Adjustable wrench

2. Steel wool

3. File

4. Bucket for water

5. Gloves

6. Pipe repair tape or epoxy

7. Scissors

8. Clean cloth

Useful Tips

Search for pipe patches that are safe for use on drinking water lines, just read the packaging to confirm that it is. Drinkable water is referred to as potable water. This is important because some patching supplies are made with chemicals that can seep into drinking water and be harmful to one’s health. If the pipes lead to a sink, be sure the product is safe for potable water. If unsure, it’s never too late to secure professional help.

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