Plumbing system at homes is composed of pipes and water main fittings. Water pipes, which may be made of metal or plastic, are joined by a variety of fittings. These fittings are specifically designed to link lengths in a straight line, turn corners, branch in two separate directions, enlarge or reduce the size of the pipes, or connect to some other type of fixture.
Several different kinds of metals and plastics are used in water pipes. Oftentimes, you can easily identify the pipe’s purpose based on its size and makeup. For indoor water pipes, these are generally made of copper or galvanized iron with diameters of ½ inch, ¾ inch up to 1 inch. Water pipes of these diameters can also be made from plastic. In terms of gas piping, about the same size are used but are usually made of black uncoated or galvanized iron material.
When it comes to water materials that feed ice makers, hot water dispensers and water filters, flexible copper or plastic tubing with smaller diameter are recommended. The water main fittings that can be used may either be brass or plastic. Usually, you can find flexible pipes that are serving from small wall valves to toilets and faucets. There is also flexible piping that is rated for delivering gas from valve to water heaters and dryers.
If you are working a drain-waste-vent system or a DWV, the ideal pipes to be used are the ones with larger diameters which range from 1 ½ inches up to 4 inches. A larger plastic or cast-iron pipe that measures 4 inches is usually used to serve the main soil stack, the waste and vent line. These lines are normally for toilets and other bathroom fixtures. Water main fittings and pipes that measure 1 ½ inches and larger in diameter are generally for waste and vent lines while light gauge plastic pipe from 1 ¼ to 1 ½ inch in diameter are for built-in vacuum cleaning systems.
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